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Academic and research periodical “MIA Medical Bulletin” N 5 – 2018 (ХСVI) was published

Подписан в печать 21.09.2018

CONTENTS

Health care management

MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF THE PERSONS ENTERING THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERIOR OF RUSSIA IN THE SYSTEM OF THE MIA MILITARY MEDICAL EXAMINATION

Ganishev A.

The military medical examination in the internal affairs agencies of the Russian Federation is an important management

tool of quality staffing with healthy and practically healthy personnel reinforcements including the contingent studying in the educational organizations of the MIA of Russia as the basic personnel reserve of the internal affairs agencies of the Russian Federation.

Key words: military physician board, military medical examination, internal affairs agencies.

THE ROLE OF THE STATE SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SERVICE OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS AGENCIES OF THE VORONEZH REGION IN HEALTH PROTECTION AND HEALTH PROMOTION OF PERSONNEL

Smolyaninov S., Gnednev A., Khakhulina T., Skuryatina Е.

The priorities of the State sanitary and epidemiological service are the guarantee of sanitary and epidemiological safety of the population, prevention, detection and elimination of dangerous and harmful influence of human environment on health. Combined sanitary and antiepidemic measures with supervisory responsibility are aimed at preserving and improving the health of the personnel of internal affairs agencies. The detection of interconnections of socio-communal, socio-economic and social induced diseases among the contingents of internal affairs agencies is necessary for improving the federal state sanitary and epidemiological control.

Key words: state sanitary and epidemiological control, sanitary and epidemiological safety, health saving behavior.

ORGANIZATION OF THE BLOOD DONORS’ MOVEMENT IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS AGENCIES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Gorokhov M., Shochnev S.

For many years the MIA of Russia, its structural units and territorial bodies pay close attention to the organization of the

donor movement and development of the blood banking providing the necessary supply of donated blood and blood components in healthcare organizations.

Key words: blood donors’ movement, blood banking, volunteering activities.

UNEXPECTED CHEMICOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTS AS PREVENTION OF NON-MEDICAL USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Sakovich P., Bogdasarov Yu., Milov V.

The article deals with the joint activity of the personnel inspection, the internal affairs department and the medical professionals of the Head Department of the MIA of Russia of Moscow for chemico-toxicological testing in process of medical examinations of police staff. For increasing the effectiveness of this work, the inspections in the territorial subdivisions of the internal affairs agencies were unexpected, without notification of personnel. The authors presented the review of the legal and regulatory framework, problem issues and possible solutions.

Key words: chemico-toxicological tests, prevention of narcotic, psychotropic and other toxic substances consumption.

Surgery

THE CONCEPT, CLASSIFICATION, METHOD OF DETERMINING A CHRONIC WOUND

Bordakov P., Zubritskiy V.

The article deals with the concept, classification, clinical presentations, specifics of diagnosis and tissue damages in a chronic wound.

Key words: chronic wound, classification.

SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PILONIDAL CYSTS COMPLICATED BY MULTIPLE FISTULAS (Case study)

Zabrodin Ye., Khodakov V., Zabrodin V., Chernikova L.

The urgency of the problem of surgical treatment of pilonidal cysts complicated by multiple secondary purulent fistulas is primarily due to a high incidence of postoperative wound complications, frequent recurrences of the disease, long-term temporary disability of patients. In order to improve the results of treatment, various methods of operative measures are used, complex plastic operations are developed and implemented. The authors of the article used the simple skin plastic surgical method with good short-term and longterm results for the treatment of pilonidal cysts complicated by multiple fistulas.

Key words: pilonidal cyst, multiple fistulas, new skin plastic surgical method.

Therapy

ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF THERAPY OF NON-SEVERE COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA IN YOUNG PERSONS IN ORGANIZED GROUPS USING IMMUNOMODULATORS OF MICROBIAL ORIGIN

Tatevosov V., Tsvigun O., Shubin I., Kostinov M.

The article shows the analysis of morbidity and mortality from communityacquired pneumonia in the Russian Federation and data on the results of the use of immunomodulators of microbial origin in the treatment and prevention of respiratory diseases.

Key words: pneumonia, vaccinotherapy, multicomponent bacterial vaccines.

Physiotherapy

ELECTROSTIMULATION IN TRAUMATIC INJURIES OF A MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, TENDONS AND PERIPHERAL NERVES

Lola N., Philonov I., Shibanova V., Klochkova G., Kudran, S., Kolesnikov G.

The article deals with the integrated approach to restorative treatment of patients after upper limb injuries complicated by damage to tendons and nerves. The authors present the regimen of medical rehabilitation at all stages of rehabilitation treatment.

Key words: medical rehabilitation, upper limb injuries, electrostimulation, electrodiagnosis, principles and stages of physical therapy.

Medical rehabilitation and restorative medicine

THE NOVELTY IN DRUG-FREE THERAPY OF ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS

Kulikov A., Orel A., Tabiyev V.

The article deals with the new methods of drug-free therapy of ankylosing spondylitis. The authors conclude that the chronic progress clinical course of ankylosing spondylitis and side effects of pharmacotherapy induce to use drugfree methods for improving the efficiency of treatment. New technologies make it possible to complement traditional methods of physiotherapy of patients with ankylosing spondylitis and increase the effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation activities. Natural and preformed physical factors are important in drug-free therapy; their application contributes to the lengthening of disease remission, increasing the functional and adaptive capacity of patients, improving their quality of life.

Key words: ankylosing spondylitis, axial skeleton, chronic inflammatory disease, drug-free therapy.

EXERCISES WITH DYNAMIC CONTROLLED MUSCLE TENSION AND THIN-LAYER PELOTHERAPY FOR REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS AFTER SHOULDER ARTHROSCOPIC SURGERY TREATMENT

Mikhaleva A., Kulikov A., Doktorov A.

The article deals with improving the effectiveness of rehabilitation of patients after shoulder arthroscopic surgery treatment on the base of combined using exercises with dynamic controlled muscle tension as a component of functional treatment and thin-layer pelotherapy. Patients received basic therapy including symptomatic medicines and movement therapy in accordance with the standard method. In addition to basic treatment, the patients did the course of exercises with dynamic controlled muscle tension in the immobilization period and continued to do this course in combination with thin-layer pelotherapy in the form of local applications in the postimmobilization period. Inclusion of exercises with dynamic controlled muscle tension and thin-layer pelotherapy in the therapeutic complex had a more significant effect on the main clinical symptoms of the disease, regenerative processes and promoted earlier recovery of shoulder joint disordered functions.

Key word: shoulder joint, rotator cuff damage, rehabilitation, curative gymnastics, pelotherapy.

ORGANIZATIONAL METHODS AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF MEDICAL REHABILITATION OF POLICE STAFF

Puzin S., Bogova O., Chepkasova L., Grashсhenkova A.

The article deals with the main tasks of medical rehabilitation of police staff and police pensioners. The authors detected that not all those in need received the necessary restorative rehabilitation and developed proposals to increase the number of police officers and police pensioners for medical rehabilitation.

Key words: medical rehabilitation, sanatorium-resort therapy, unification of staffing, police staff.

Epidemiology

THE INCIDENCE OF COMMUNITYACQUIRED PNEUMONIA OF CONTINGENTS OF THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS AGENCIES OF THE AMUR REGION

Alexandrovich Ye., Vakhnenko A., Nedostupova Ye., Chechel, I., Zaitsev A.

Community-acquired pneumonia is one of actual problems of bronchopulmonary pathology and widespread disease not only in Russia but abroad. The article deals with the analysis of the incidence of community-acquired pneumonia among the contingents of the internal affairs agencies of the Amur Region. The authors pay special attention to epidemiological specifics of community-acquired pneumonia spread, give information about the microbiological composition of the sputum from patients with community-acquired pneumonia and their antibiotic sensitivity, and provide recommendations for the implementation of preventive measures.

Key words: community-acquired pneumonia, morbidity dynamics, pneumococcal disease, immunization.

Urology

DEVELOPMENT OF THE DOMESTIC EQUIVALENT DRUG FOR ARTERY EMBOLIZATION. AN EXPERIMENTAL STAGE

Melnik K., Eremin K., Andreyev S.

The materials about physical and chemical profile of cenospheres were published in the previous issue. It is planned to use cenospheres as an embolization agent.

Key words: benign hyperplasia, cenospheres.

Forensic medical examination

LEGAL REGULATION OF SAFETY MATTER OF WORK WITH CADAVERIC MATERIAL

Kadochnikov D., Chizhikova I.

At present, the basics of topographic anatomy and operative surgery in medical schools are taught without using dead bodies. At the same time, the practice of teaching the basics of surgery has shown that it is impossible to study those disciplines where practical work with cadaveric material is necessary only with using models and simulators. This necessitates the improvement of the federal legislation for safe use of corpses for educational and scientific purposes.

Key words: safe education and teaching, health status of students, cadaveric material.

29.10.2018More

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